The history of Royal Jordanian Airlines


1. Ancient Jordanian Evolution

When Jordan ruled himself in 1946, he wanted to increase his identity by establishing his aircraft that was created on January 1 that year as an Arab Airways. Beginning in Beirut, he spreads his wings to Baghdad and Cairo in August 1947, and the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) began to own the money.

After six years, they traveled to the Arab Airways in Jerusalem, Limited, and worked on the two wings of Havilland Rapides from Jerusalem only to Beirut and Cairo, but later added Aden, Amman, Baghdad, and Jeddah. It was not the only area of ​​the region, yet.

Air Jordan, founded in 1950 by HE Ismail Bilbeisi Fasha, launched a meeting from Amman and Airspeed Consuls, but in 1953 the transmission of funds by Trans Ocean Airlines, which had no support for the use of airplanes and travel partnerships, by Douglas DC -3. Amman is one with Kabul through Kuwait and Kandahar.

Using its current competition, Arab Airways Jerusalem equally found the airline.

In order to find out more about the working class, but to meet the other competitions in the Middle East, they chose to join and make Air Jordan of the Holy Land.

Initially it uses Convair CV-240s from the Trans Ocean, which bought DC-4 in 1960, which data serves many feet, such as the Roma from Amman. Although the offer was large, the quad-engine aircraft was issued, the new aircraft was forced to resign on September 1 the following year when his license was canceled.

The only month passed before the pre-Established leader, Jordan Airways, which was accompanied by special needs (40 percent), Jordan's government (25 percent), and Middle East Airlines (and 25 percent), at the end of which led Vickers V.700 to burn , as well as airline personnel. His authority was limited.

2. Car Dealer

King Hussein of Jordan, a pilot, asked Ali Ghandour, the president of Lebanon International Airways, to design a flagship plan, thus, according to the emperor himself, to serve as "our president to be our ambassador world-wide bridge is a bridge that transcends cultural, social, commercial, computers, relationships, and understanding with the rest of the world. "

He was named after his older son, the company built by Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines. Although its composition ended on December 8, 1963, the monarchy made a further request that it be made within a week.

Doing what was thought to be impossible, Ghandour had changed the plan of the plane, the two hands of the Handley Page Herald 207 left the Royal Jordanian Air Force and the Douglas DC-7C which started the ministry from Amman to Beirut on December 15. Cairo and Kuwait were added next week and the second DC-7 helped to serve Jeddah.

The piston species were defeated by damaged aircraft, which was used by Sud-Aviation SE.210-10R Caravelles, the first given on July 29, 1965, and it played a major role in running, above European weather, especially in Rome and Paris.

In the face of challenges and obstacles, however, they met the enemy again. After two years after Jerusalem's reign, in June, Israel produced a package of two key factors in the & # 39; world – tourism and farming – a significant reduction of the help of a new assistant, which led to the destruction of the aircraft.

During this difficult time recently, the Jordan discovered a third thing, which is the only, and that is solid and dedicated. The government used it to give the money.

Using the latest deterioration techniques, it came to the & # 39; 1970s and the first flight of the first airplane, receiving the first Boeing 707-320Cs on January 19th the following year, making it an additional way, especially in Karachi in the east and in the east. Madrid, Casablanca, and Copenhagen in the west.

The coalition, although short, was also used from Karachi to East Africa and Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).

The 707 was the first of many Boeing species found. For example, 720Bs, which were found in 1972, were found in m & # 39; intermediate, supplementary sections, while 727-200 Advanced Advanced tri-jets were purchased to do less work. With additional and economical vessels, it was spreading into the region and in Europe.

In the m & # 39; years between years, Alia received the first phase of Boeing 747-200Bs on December 15, 1976, which resulted in the transatlantic transition from Amman to New York and Houston through Vienna or Amsterdam in July the following year. to do that. It became the first of the two great types to be used.

From all his Boeing boats, he ordered six Lockheed L-1011-500s. Attending the October 1981 convention between Amman and London-Heathrow, a tri-engine helped the assistant to travel to Europe and many parts of the Middle East, such as the United States, with the largest airline for the first time.

In addition to 747, it used Amman-Vienna / Amsterdam-New York approaches to the selected days, which was also established in Los Angeles with a park in Chicago. The JFK coalition was also transformed into a shift and other aircraft were traveling to Montreal.

By 1982, the work of 77-320Cs, one 720-030B, six 727-200 Depth, three 747-200Bs, two of which were in the combi configuration and a major train loading, with two L-1011-500s.

After a break in the engine of the engines & # 39; four-way, by the & # 39; in 1985, his aircraft flew 747 trips, long trips, TriStar 500, for the intermediate, multinational crowd.

December 15, 1986 recounted a major event: The Jordanian flag banner has celebrated the 12th anniversary of the Middle East-United States with silver, sixty years ago, showing this time with a new image with its name, released from Alia go, In short, Royal Jordanian Airlines, to prove who they are.

"The new name," said Ali Ghandour, its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Executive Officer, "is the way we live with our heritage, and how we know my own future, achievements and goals, & # 39; royal & # 39; link what we have been keeping from the beginning has been proven, emphasized, known.

"Finally, I want to make sure that we have not changed directly, but to show ourselves and the world that we are making progress in our mind, confirmed that we are encouraging each other, with confidence and hope for a wonderful future."

Royal Jordanian route, starting on January 1, 1987, consisted of 41 m & # 39; countries 34 m & # 39; four countries.

Of these, the three were far from the North Atlantic, including Amman-Vienna-New York, Amman-Amsterdam-New York, and the Amman-Vienna-Center of Chicago-Los Angeles, and the two were tall to & # 39; Amman-Bangkok to Amman-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore.

Two of the northern African roads were established, from Amman to Tripoli and Amman to Tunis and Casablanca, in another part of the Soviet Union, Moscow.

The European countries included Amsterdam, Athens, Belgrade, Brussels, Bucharest, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Geneva, Istanbul, Larnaca, London, Madrid, Paris-Orly, Rome, and Vienna.

It is no wonder that the Middle East highway was between Abu Dhabi, Amman, Baghdad, Bahrain, Cairo, Damascus, Dhahran, Doha, Dubai, Jeddah, Karachi, Kuwait, Muscat, Riyadh, and Art.

The only part of the shepherd was between his place with Aqaba.

Both jobs were also used – in Beirut and Middle East Airlines and East Berlin and Interflug.

Between five years from 1979 to 1983, the number of travelers included the following: 1979: 915,000; 1980: 1,100,000; 1981: 1,440,000; 1982: 1,667,273; and 1983: 1,457,334.

3. Governments

Besides the plane, Royal Jordanian counted several airports and locations under its jurisdiction.

The old was Arab Air Cargo. Jordan Airways established in 1974, was established in March 1982 as the Jordanian-Iraq coalition and set up automotive operations on May 1 next year and two 707-320Cs.

All those who are in & # 39; the Arab Air Carriers Organization (AACO) are the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), visited cities such as Amman, Amsterdam, Baghdad, Brussels, Dubai, Larnaca, London, and Rome. Six hundred and twelve aircraft were carried out in 1985, while 4,521 hours ran and 21,166 tons packed, taking $ 16.6 million.

Arabian Wings, its second aid, provided swift business support on trade in remote and far-reaching regions in the Middle East and is the only work in the area. In conjunction with the Oman government (one-third) and Royal Jordanian itself (two thirds), it worked in May 1975 and operated Gates Learjet 35 with six people and the Rockman Sabreliner 75A rider from Amman. Muscat's Masks.

Over three years from 1981 to 1983, they caught 1,636, 2,116, and 1,390 people.

The different branches, the Arabian Ambulance Ambulance (AWFA), gave a well-known job and began to go to heaven in 1978.

The Sierra Leone Airlines, a third, was established in 1982 to be successful in 1958, founded in Sierra Leone, and was established in November, from Freetown, Sierra Leone, to London, a partnership with Royal Jordanian (20 percent), special needs (20) percent, and the Sierra Leone government (60 percent).

This expansion resulted in the establishment of the countries from Freetown-Lungi to Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Accra (Ghana), Dakar (Senegal), Lagos (Nigeria), Las Palmas (Canary Islands), London, Monrovia (Liberia) , and Paris, when domestic airplanes, Freetown-Hastings, connected the airport to Bonthe, Kenema, and Yangema, both 707-320, one of the 720, and the Britten-Norman Trislanders two. This was later imported by CASA C-212-200 Aviocars.

In addition to these organizations, Royal Jordanian also had several foundations. This included Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA), which was launched on May 25, 1983 and has two connecting facilities with twelve gates and can be used every year to five million people.

A tourist department, which data to prepare 20,000 daily meals at airports, a restaurant, a restaurant, and a job store, had four stars, a 315 room of Alia Gateway Hotel, which was opened in 1985 and used work with travelers and pilots. It creates & # 39; reloads out stores.

The Royal Jordanian program was divided into the Technical Training Institute and the Commercial and Management Center.

The Royal Jordanian Air Academy, which includes government and military sectors, was also published by the Regional Technical Center in the Middle East in 1985 and IATA.

Some of the features of the Queen Noor Civil Aviation Institute; Air Air Office, which was the administrative structure for the construction of the aircraft between 1979 and 1983; Royal Jordanian Folklore Group; by Alia Art Gallery; and Royal Tours.

4. RJ Today

The last decade of the Royal Jordanian history of the M & # 39; 2000 years showed the change of loyalty from the old Boeing and Lockheed airplanes to Airbus Industrie, which was originally A-310-300.

It is used by two of the highest-powered submarines and is driven by a team of two workers, which made 727s on the road where their resilience was either too low or too thin for L-1011s, but it was given a chance to console. As a result of its size, it also used Jordan-US transatlantic companies, especially at the time required.

This, in particular, was facilitated by the second Airbus aircraft, an A-340-200, which replaced all 747s and TriStars.

Bonafide 727, m & # 39; regions, in the Middle East, North Africa, and m & # 39; European countries, formed as an advanced, thin body A-319, A-320, and A-321, where short tours of m & # 39; different regions were run by another type, a team that was rebuilt the Embraer E-175 and E-195, which hosted 72 and 100 people. All of this was in line with the 45-minute team between the capital and Red Sea. the place of Aqaba.

In conjunction with Oneworld in 2007, Royal Jordanian continued to rehabilitate 233,000 A-330-200s with 24 seats of Crown and 259 between 2010 and 2011 and 227,930-kg 787-8 Commercial farming connectors 24 and 247 between August and November 2014. A-310s were converted to open-air, heavy loaders and A-340s, because of the low cost, four fuel engines, had been removed from work.

At the gold studio on December 15, 2012, Royal Jordanian created one 50-year plane, which established the first route to Beirut.

In the face of hardship and civil war, the country's economy has been of great benefit to the economy. With the limited natural resources, as well as agriculture and tourism that have been closed in the West Bank, it was like a world-wide bridge that is the most important in the world, and as a result they saw people united as a key to survival. As a result, it was, more, which was the foundation that the very world had depended on.

Reflecting on the history of the golden celebration that took place at Queen Alia International Airport in December 2012, the Chairman of the Board of Directors, Nasser Lozi, said, "King King Hussein founded Alia-RJ December 15, 1963, wanted it to be a national car. Hashemite the Jordan River with the aim of promoting the Jordan and to encourage cooperation with other cultures and establish co-operation with other countries … (today) we are proud to be a helper to the country that unites Jordan with Levant and the world. "

In view of its size, which increased from 87,000 in 1964 to 3.3 million in 2012, President and CEO, Amer Hadidi said, "Royal Jordanian has been pioneering to establish a flight plan locally and m & # 39; territories.

The use of E 175, 1955, 4 A-319-100s, 6 A-320-200s, two A-321-200s, A-330-200s, and 787-8s at the end of 2014, Royal Jordanian used trips Seventy (nine) to nine countries looked good to continue the work that the founder began.